Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Now it’s time for some useful Survival Phrases for when you have time to shop in Portuguese stores.
GRAMMAR POINT
The first thing you say to a shop clerk is com licença, which is the apology phrase that we learned in our previous lessons. After that, you will want to ask: “How much is it?
In Portuguese, we say
Quanto é?
Let’s break that down:
(slow) Quan-to é?
Once more:
Quanto é?
In this question, quanto means “how much”.
(slow) quan-to
quanto
é is translated as "is”
Let’s hear this phrase again.
Quanto é?
You can also use this sentence to ask the price:
“How much does this cost?”
Quanto custa?
Let’s break the first question down:
(slow) Quan-to cus-ta?
Once more:
Quanto custa?
Quanto means “how much.”
Custa is a present form of the verb that means “to cost”
(slow) Cus-ta.
Custa.
In Portuguese, you don't need to say "this" or "that" for this question. It is implied.
Let’s hear it one more time:
(slow) Quan-to cus-ta?
Once more:
Quanto custa?
Imagine that you find a clothing stand in a local market and want to buy a shirt. To attract their attention, say to the stall-keeper com licença, then ask how much the shirt costs. The question will sound like this:
Com licença, quanto custa esta camisa?
Let’s break it down:
(slow) Com li-cen-ça, quan-to cus-ta es-ta ca-mi-sa?
And again at natural speed:
Com licença, quanto custa esta camisa?
After com licença we have quanto, which means “how much”.
Next comes the word custa, a present form of the verb “to cost”.
(slow) Cus-ta.
Custa.
After that we have esta, the word for “this” in the feminine form
(slow) es-ta.
Esta.
The last word is camisa, which is “shirt” in English.
(slow) ca-mi-sa.
Camisa.
The whole question is
Com licença, quanto custa esta camisa?
Camisa is a feminine noun, and that’s why we need to use the feminine form of the word “this”, esta. If the thing you want to buy is masculine, replace the word esta with este.
(slow) Es-te.
Este.
There’s another sentence that’s useful when you’re asking prices. Let’s imagine you want to know the price of a pair of shoes. You’ll ask Qual é o preço deste sapato? which means “What is the price of these shoes?”.
(slow) Qual é o pre-ço des-te sa-pa-to?
Qual é o pre-ço des-te sa-pa-to?
Qual means “what”
(slow) qual
qual
The next word, é, as we saw before, means “is”
o preço is translated as “the price”
(slow) o pre-ço
o preço
deste means “of this”
(slow) des-te
deste
And sapato means “shoe”.
(slow) sa-pa-to
sapato
Notice that sapato is a masculine noun, that’s why we used deste, a contraction of the preposition de and este, instead of esta.
Qual é o pre-ço des-te sa-pa-to?

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Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi listeners! Pick some object around you and train to ask the price!