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Lesson Transcript

Oi, meu nome é Paloma. Hi everybody! I’m Paloma.
Welcome to PortuguesePod101.com’s “Português em Três Minutos”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Portuguese.
In our previous lessons, we learned how to use the verbs ser, estar and ter. In this lesson, we’re going to learn how to turn these three verbs into their negative forms in order to say "I'm not" and "I don't have."
So let's take an example. Imagine you meet an attractive stranger and want to ask if he is married, and he says Não, eu não sou casado. Several days later, you’re waiting for him to arrive to your first date. You call him and ask if he’s ready and he says Não, eu não estou pronto. Finally he arrives -- by taxi. You ask him if he has a car and he says Não, eu não tenho um carro.
Let’s look at these three negative sentences:
Não, eu não sou casado.
Não, eu não estou pronto.
Não, eu não tenho um carro.
[slowly] Não, eu não sou casado.
[slowly] Não, eu não estou pronto.
[slowly] Não, eu não tenho um carro.
Did you catch some similar words in these three sentences?
Right! In each sentence, you have a little word, não. This word means “no”, and is used to make a verb negative in Portuguese.
So let's take a look at the way to switch from affirmative to negative.
First with the verb ser. If he *were* married, he would say Eu sou casado. Adding the não before the verb makes it a negative sentence – Não, eu não sou casado. “No, I’m not married.”
Then we saw the verb estar. If he *were* ready, he would say Eu estou pronto, But he actually said Eu não estou pronto. "No, I'm not ready."
So basically, you just have to put the word não before the verb.
Now let's look at an example with the verb ter, "to have"-
"I have a car" is Eu tenho um carro, and "I don't have a car" is Eu não tenho um carro.
So now, how would you say "I don't like this restaurant?" For reference, “I like this restaurant.” is Eu gosto desse restaurante. Put não in front of gosto.
Eu não gosto desse restaurante.
[slowly] Eu não gosto desse restaurante.
Easy, don't you think? So now you can turn many sentences into negative form just by adding the little word NÃO.
Now it’s time for Paloma’s Point.
Sometimes Brazilians use many negative words in the same sentence to mean that you are not or don’t have something.
For example, you may hear -
Eu não tenho nada. – “I don’t have nothing.”
Or
Eu não sou ninguém – “I am not nobody”.
Be careful when you hear it. Just remember that the sentences have negative meanings.
Get ready for the next lesson because we are going to study a really important part of the Portuguese language – using adjectives. Do you know any adjectives in Portuguese?
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Português em Três minutos lesson.
Tchau tchau!

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