Vocabulary (Review)

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Oi, meu nome é Paloma. Hi everybody! I’m Paloma.
Welcome to PortuguesePod101.com’s “Português em Três Minutos”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Portuguese.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about age using the verb ter, “to have.”
You can probably guess that ter can also be used to talk about things you own. That will be the topic of this lesson.
Você tem um carro? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Você tem um carro?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
Você, means “you”. You can see that ter has been conjugated to tem.
Um carro, means “a car”
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
Just turn the verb ter into the 1st person—it’s really simple! You did it during the last lesson to talk about your age, remember?
“How old are you?” is Quantos anos você tem?
And we answered with Eu tenho...
So in this case, we go from Você tem um carro? to
Eu tenho um carro. “I have a car.”
[slowly] Eu tenho um carro.
So say, for example, that a classmate wants to borrow a pen from you. He might ask, Você tem uma caneta? Which is “Do you have a pen?”
If you only have a red pen, you can answer Eu só tenho uma caneta vermelha. “I only have a red pen.”
Okay, so now let’s look at the FORMAL way to ask someone if he or she has something.
Instead of você, you’ll say “o senhor” or “a senhora”, which mean “sir” or “madam”. For example...
O senhor tem um carro? “Sir, do you have a car?”
[slowly] O senhor tem um carro?
A senhora tem uma caneta? ”Madam, do you have a pen?”
[slowly] A senhora tem uma caneta?
Now it’s time for Paloma’s Point.
If you want to sound really natural when asking if someone has something, because you need to borrow it or you are looking for it in a store, you can use the words Será que. Here’s an example -
Será que você tem um lápis preto? This literally means “I wonder if you have a black pencil?”
You just add Será que at the beginning of the sentence. It makes the whole sentence sound like a question, and a little bit less direct.
In recent lessons, we have learned about the verbs ser and estar, “to be”, and ter, “to have.”
Next time we’ll learn how to use these three verbs in their negative forms in order to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”.
Did you know that to turn a verb into the negative form in Portuguese, you just have to add one little word?
I'll be waiting to tell you more about it in the next Português em três minutos.
Até mais!