Dialogue - Portuguese

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Vocabulary

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prazer (Brazilian) pleasure
meu (Brazilian) my, mine
nome (Brazilian) name
chamar to call
olá hello

Lesson Notes

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Grammar

The Focus of This Lesson is the Reflexive Verb Chamar-se
Eu me chamo Ryan.
"I call myself Ryan."


Portuguese has a special class of verbs called reflexive verbs. As an example, the verb chamar-se ("to call one's self") is a reflexive verb. Reflexive verbs are easy to identify because they always have a small se, me, or te either before or after the verb. me means "myself," te means "yourself," and se means "everybody else's self."

Reflexive verbs have little to do with reflexes and are more about reflections, like in a mirror. Reflexive verbs are pretty advanced stuff and you could get by for quite some time without knowing how to use them. We're introducing them early on because even though you may not know how to use them, the Brazilians will and you'll hear them all the time. We'll go into much more detail in the intermediate series.

A typical dictionary will say something like "When the object of the verb refers to the same person or thing as the subject of the verb, the verb is called reflexive."

Some other examples of reflexive verbs:

Portuguese

"English"

tornar-se

"to become"

casar-se

"to marry"

encontrar-se

"to meet"

Cultural Insights

Self Introductions



First introductions are very important in Brazilian culture, and especially for the first little while, it's going to feel like prazer em conhecê-lo is the only thing you say. You should remember though that you will only use this introduction structure once with each person. Once you've been introduced, you'll never use it again with that person.
Mastering the self introduction and its many variations will get you started on the right foot.