Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Braden: Hello, and welcome back to the PortuguesePOD101.com , the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Portuguese! I'm joined in the studio by...
Thássia: Hello everyone. Thássia here.
Thássia: Braden, please tell us what we are going to learn in this lesson
Braden: In this lesson you'll learn how to use adjectives in Portuguese.
Thássia: Where does this conversation take place and who is it between?
Braden: We'll, the conversation is in the afternoon at a souvenir store. and between Bia, Paula, and the vendor at the store.
Thássia: And what is the formality level?
Braden: The speakers are friends, therefore they'll be speaking informally but the vendor at the shop will be speaking formally.
DIALOGUE
Bia: Olha! que blusa bonita na vitrine. Vou experimentá-la!
(enter the store)
Bia: Moça, posso experimentar aquela blusa verde que está na vitrine?
Moça: Claro, qual é o seu tamanho?
Bia: M.
(after trying it on)
Paula: Ficou muito bonita em ti, Bia.
Bia: Obrigada. Eu gostei muito.
(door opens)
Vinícius: Vamos logo meninas! Eu ainda quero comprar mais artesanato.
Jack: E eu ainda quero experimentar o acarajé.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Bia: Olha! que blusa bonita na vitrine. Vou experimentá-la!
(enter the store)
Bia: Moça, posso experimentar aquela blusa verde que está na vitrine?
Moça: Claro, qual é o seu tamanho?
Bia: M.
(after trying it on)
Paula: Ficou muito bonita em ti, Bia.
Bia: Obrigada. Eu gostei muito.
(door opens)
Vinícius: Vamos logo meninas! Eu ainda quero comprar mais artesanato.
Jack: E eu ainda quero experimentar o acarajé.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Bia: Olha! que blusa bonita na vitrine. Vou experimentá-la!
Braden: Look! What a beautiful blouse in the shop window. I'm going to try it on.
(enter the store)
Braden(enter the store)
Bia: Moça, posso experimentar aquela blusa verde que está na vitrine?
Braden: Young lady, could we try on that blouse in the window?
Moça: Claro, qual é o seu tamanho?
Braden: Of course, what's your size?
Bia: M.
Braden: M.
(after trying it on)
Braden(after trying it on)
Paula: Ficou muito bonita em ti, Bia.
Braden: It looks very pretty on you, Bia.
Bia: Obrigada. Eu gostei muito.
Braden: Thank you. I really liked it.
(door opens)
Braden(door opens)
Vinícius: Vamos logo meninas! Eu ainda quero comprar mais artesanato.
Braden: Let's go girls! I still want to buy some more handicrafts.
Jack: E eu ainda quero experimentar o acarajé.
Braden: And I still want to try acarajé.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Braden: Okay, so in this dialogue, they are in Salvador right?
Thássia: Right. The State of Bahia, where Salvador is located, is where the first Portuguese arrived in 1500.
Braden: And Salvador is offically called São Salvador or Saint Salvador, was the first capital of Brazil. It's Brazil's third largest city and has miles and miles of beautiful beaches.
Thássia: In Portuguese, Bahia is the old spelling for the word "baía" which means "bay" and Salvador is located at the point of one of the largests baías in Brazil.
Braden: Salvador has arguably the richest history of any city in Brazil and by Brazilians Salvador is always held in high respect. There are many beaches, including Itapuã, dos artistas and Porto da Barra and Salvador is famous for its warm water.
Thássia: Salvador is the center of all things Afro-Brazilian and according to the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics IBGE 81% of the population have direct African decent.
Braden: Besides that, Salvador has the largest Carnaval celebration in the world. That same Carnaval is also the largest public manifestation of any kind in the world with an average of 2.7 million party-goers during the 6 day festival.
VOCAB LIST
Braden: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Thássia: pequeno [natural native speed]
Braden: small
Thássia: pequeno [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: pequeno [natural native speed]
: Next:
Thássia: grande [natural native speed]
Braden: big
Thássia: grande [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: grande [natural native speed]
: Next:
Thássia: médio [natural native speed]
Braden: medium
Thássia: médio [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: médio [natural native speed]
: Next:
Thássia: muito [natural native speed]
Braden: very, much, many
Thássia: muito [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: muito [natural native speed]
: Next:
Thássia: estampada [natural native speed]
Braden: patterned
Thássia: estampada [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: estampada [natural native speed]
: Next:
Thássia: vitrine [natural native speed]
Braden: shop window, store display, window display
Thássia: vitrine [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: vitrine [natural native speed]
: Next:
Thássia: bonito [natural native speed]
Braden: pretty, beautiful
Thássia: bonito [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: bonito [natural native speed]
: Next:
Thássia: tamanho [natural native speed]
Braden: size
Thássia: tamanho [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: tamanho [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Braden: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Braden: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Thássia: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is “M”
Braden: In the dialogue, Bia says “M” to tell the shop assistant her size. She said M to indicate “médio” which means “medium”.
Thássia: In Brazil the size of the clothes are indicated on the tags, just like in the US. Most of the clothes in Brazil indicate size using P, M, G or GG.
Braden: P is for “pequeno,” which means “small”; M is for “médio” which means “medium” G is for “grande,” which means large and GG is for “extra grande,” which means extra large clothes. I've also seen XG for extra large.
Thássia: Another expression Bia uses when talking to the shop assistant is “experimentar”.
Braden: “Experimentar” literally translates to “to experiment” but, when talking about clothes, it means “to try on.”
Thássia: “Posso experimentar” is a polite way to ask to try on clothes in a shop and it means “May I try on.”
Braden: The last phrase we’ll look at is “Vamos logo.”
Thássia: In the dialogue, Vinícius said “Vamos logo meninas!” which literally translates to “we go soon girls!” but it means “let’s go girls!”
Braden: You must pay special attention to tone of voice when using this expression not to sound rude. Always be positive!
Thássia: Yes, very important.

Lesson focus

Braden: What are we going to focus on in this lesson?
Thássia: The focus of this lesson is using adjectives in Portuguese.
Braden: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase
Thássia: Que blusa bonita na vitrine!
Braden: Which we translated as “What a beautiful blouse in the store window.”
Thássia: So beautiful is an adjective that describes blouse just like "bonita" is the adjective that describes "blusa."
Braden: “Adjectives are important because they make a language interesting.” Says my textbook.
Thássia: Adjectives restrict, describe, specify, or modify the meaning of nouns.
Braden: It's kind of a hierarchy. When you say "car" then you could be talking about any car in the world. But if you use the adjective "black" and say "black car" you've limited or specified the meaning of the noun "car." Then you add the adjective small, to get "small, black car." Now you've limited it even more. This is how adjective work in Portuguse as well.
Thássia: Except that in English, adjectives are placed before the noun they specify and adjectives in Portuguese are usually placed after the noun.
Braden: Ah, that's right. And in Portuguese adjectives must agree with the number and gender of the nouns they modify. Adjectives are placed either before or after the noun according to three criterion.
Thássia: First, adjectives which tell “how many” precede the nouns the modify. So, five letters would be "cinco cartas." and "some women" would be "algumas mulheres."
Braden: Second, most other adjectives follow the nouns they modify instead of come before them like in English. For example, yellow in Portuguese is "amarelo" so yellow train is "trem amarelo."
Thássia: or brazilian food would be "comida brasileira."
Braden: Third, all adjectives agree in number with the nouns they modify. Most adjectives will change their endings, depending on the gender of the noun they modify.
Thássia: for example, the tall boy in Portuguese is "o menino alto." Menino is a masculine noun so the article "o" is used and the adjective "alto" which means tall. If you are describing more than one boy then you need to make the phrase plural.
Braden: In English, we just pluralize the noun so the phrase would be "the tall boys" but in Portuguese, the adjectives and the articles need to be plural as well. This is pretty easy because you just add an "s." at the end. So go from
Thássia: "o menino alto"
Braden: to
Thássia: "os meninos altos"
Braden: Just putting "s"s on the end.
Thássia: But if you are describing a girl then the gender of the noun has changed. The tall girl in Portuguese is "a menina alta." Menina is a feminine noun so the feminine article "a" and the feminine word for tall which is "alta."
Braden: So, to make it feminine we changed all the "o"s to "a"s or if you want to make it masculine you change all the "a"s to "o"s. That's pretty much all that happened. And to make it plural and say the tall girls, you just add and "s" on the end of everything and you get
Thássia: As meninas altas.
Braden: So the exception you'll run into is adjectives that end in "e." Adjectives that end in "e" don't change according to gender.
Thássia: For example, the green car in Portuguese is "o carro verde."
Braden: So, carro is masculine so the article is "o" but "verde" ends in "e" so it doesn't change. To make it plural you just add "s"s to the end of everything to get "os carros verdes."
Thássia: Using adjectives is very important because without them you can't express yourself the way you want to.

Outro

Braden: That just about does it for today.
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Thássia: Até logo!

12 Comments

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PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Have you ever had acarajé? It's awesome!

PortuguesePod101.com
Sunday at 9:04 pm
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Olá William,


"Ficou muito bonita em ti, Bia." refer to the second person "tu", therefore uses the object pronoun "ti".


The other option would be to refer to "você" (you):

"Ficou muito bonita em você, Bia."


In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

William
Saturday at 11:48 pm
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Ola, bom dia,


I am wondering if "Ficou muito bonita em ti,Bia" is correct?


Is "Ficou muito bonita em te, Bia" correct?

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Friday at 5:32 am
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Oi Bobby,


We appreciate your feedback!

We're really happy to know you're enjoying our lessons! Let us know if you have any questions or need any help!


Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Bobby W.
Wednesday at 1:35 pm
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I love the way this lesson explains in easy terms why adjectives come after nouns and really ties together several concepts that were presented in the earlier beginner season 1; It was like a bell went off on how to tie articles, nouns and adjectives together with their respective gender and plural/singular differences. I loved it! Thanks! :thumbsup:

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:07 am
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Oi MT,


In this case, it's fine to use the verb "provar" for clothing. But we don't use "tentar" with clothing, it's usually used with verbs - tentar comer, tentar dormir.


I hope it helps!

Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101.com

M.T
Wednesday at 10:26 am
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Hi!


Is it okay to use "provar" in this case?

How about "tentar"?

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Friday at 11:23 pm
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Oi Gabrielle,


The intro is just a small summary of what the dialogue is about, and what the lesson is about, but it's not actually part of the lesson itself. Please don't worry about understanding it, or trying to relate it to the lesson. :smile:


Oi Larry,

In the sentence you gave us, the indirect subject is implied.

Eu gostei muito (da blusa).

Here, you can find the preposition. She doesn't say the whole sentence because both speakers are aware of the main subject of the conversation.


I hope it helps!

Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101.com

larry g. lilllie
Sunday at 3:50 am
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In the dialogue it states,Obrigada.eu gostei muito. It is my understanding that gostar always has to be followed by the preposition de. Why doesnt the rule apply here. Thank you.

Gabrielle Silva
Wednesday at 4:54 am
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Hi, I'm loving these lessons. One question I have is about the initial paragraphs at the top of each lesson. They talk about something close to the dialogue but I haven't found any place that actually does anything with that initial subject in Portuguese. I'm wondering if I'm missing something? Thanks, Gabrielle

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Monday at 2:20 pm
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Hi Caren,


Thank you very much for your comment, and we apologize for the error. It should be fixed now. Thank you for your patience.