Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Thássia: Ola!
Braden: Braden here! This is Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 7 - Portuguese: Girl or Boy Language?
Thássia: Hello everyone! I'm Thássia, and welcome back to PortuguesePOD101.
Braden: With us, you'll learn to speak Portuguese with fun and effective lessons. We also provide you with cultural insights...
Thássia: ...and tips you won't find in a textbook.
Braden: In this lesson, we'll focus on how to use possessive words.
Thássia: This conversation is between Davi and Natalie and takes place just outside the party they were in.
Braden: The situation is very casual so they will be speaking informally. Let's have a listen.

Lesson conversation

Davi: Como está a sua família?
Natalie: A minha família está bem, obrigada.
Davi: E seu irmão, Alex?
Natalie: Você lembra de Ana Paula, nossa amiga? Eles vão se casar.
Braden:One time, slowly, please.
Davi: Como está a sua família?
Natalie: A minha família está bem, obrigada.
Davi: E seu irmão, Alex?
Natalie: Você lembra de Ana Paula, nossa amiga? Eles vão se casar.
Braden:And one time fast with translation.
Braden:One time, natural speed with the translation.
Davi: Como está a sua família?
Braden: How is your family?
Natalie: A minha família está bem, obrigada.
Braden: My family is well, thank you.
Davi: E seu irmão, Alex?
Braden: And your brother, Alex?
Natalie: Você lembra de Ana Paula, nossa amiga? Eles vão se casar.
Braden: Do you remember Ana Paula, our friend? They're getting married.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Braden: You know, I've always found it interesting that in Portuguese the word "the" is used very often.
Thássia: Yes, it is. In fact, most of the time when you're talking about anything, we use the word "the" before it.
Braden: In Portuguese, all nouns have the word "the" before them, always.
Thássia: I don't know about always, but most of the time that's certainly true.
Braden: And to make it even more fun, from an English point of view, sometimes "the" is used in strange places.
Thássia: That's true. Davi asked about Natalie's family and said "a sua família," which literally translates to "the your family."
Braden: Exactly! That's a normal way to use the word "the" in Portuguese but it makes absolutely no sense in English.
Thássia: I know. When I write something in English, like an email, I always need to review what I wrote and delete the extra "the's."
Braden: Do you do that?
Thássia: Yes.
Braden: It really was hard for me to learn how to use "the" correctly, especially since there are two in Portuguese.
Thássia: That's true. There is the masculine "the" which is "o" and the feminine "the" which is "a." It's better to say, "do" and "da."
Braden: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Thássia: The first word we shall see is: meu [natural native speed].
Brade: My, mine.
Thássia: Meu [slowly - broken down by syllable], meu [natural native speed].
Braden: The next word is.
Thássia: Seu [natural native speed].
Braden: Your, yours.
Thássia: Seu [slowly - broken down by syllable], seu [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Minha [natural native speed].
Braden: My, mine.
Thássia: Minha [slowly - broken down by syllable], minha [natural native speed].
Braden: The next word is.
Thássia: Sua [natural native speed. ]
Braden: Your, yours.
Thássia: Sua [slowly - broken down by syllable], sua [natural native speed].
Braden: Next.
Thássia: Nossa [natural native speed].
Braden: Our, ours.
Thássia: Nossa [slowly - broken down by syllable], nossa [natural native speed].
Braden: And then we have.
Thássia: Nosso [natural native speed].
Braden: Our, ours.
Thássia: Nosso [slowly - broken down by syllable], nosso [natural native speed].
Braden: And the last word is.
Thássia: Família [natural native speed].
Braden: Family
Thássia: Família [slowly - broken down by syllable], família [natural native speed].
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Thássia: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Braden: In Portuguese, there are several ways to express possession.
Thássia: In this lesson, we will learn how to express possession using the words "meu" and "minha," "nosso" and "nossa," then "seu" and "sua."
Braden: The reason we have these words in pairs like that is because of grammatical gender.
Thássia: We briefly discussed grammatical gender in All About Series Lesson 3.
Braden: And a detailed explanation of grammatical gender is offered in the Absolute Beginner series lesson 10.
Thássia: Listen to those lessons if you have any questions about gender.
Braden: And if you still have questions after listening to those lessons, send us an email or post a comment on the blog. We'd love to hear from you.
Thássia: So, first we're going to learn about "meu" and "minha."
Braden: Right. "Meu" and "minha" both mean "my," but they function differently in Portuguese sentences.
Thássia: That's right. "Meu" is for words of masculine gender and "minha" is for words of feminine gender.
Braden: Like in the phrase…
Thássia: "Meu livro."
Braden: Which means "my book," the word "livro" is a masculine word. So you have to use "meu" to say "my book."
Thássia: And in the phrase "minha caneta," which means "my pen," the word "pen" is a feminine word, so you have to use "minha" if you want to say "my pen."
Braden: Exactly. The same thing goes for the word "our."
Thássia: That's right. "Nosso" and "nossa" both mean "our," but "nosso" is the masculine word and "nossa" is the feminine word.
Braden: So if you want to say the phrase "our house," you need to say…
Thássia: "Nossa casa."
Braden: If you say "nosso casa" it sounds very wrong, doesn't it?
Thássia: Yes, it does. Or if you want to say "our car," you would say "nosso carro" because "carro" is a masculine word. It needs to have the masculine form of "our," which is "nosso."
Braden: Okay. Last, we have…
Thássia: "Seu" and "sua." These are very versatile words.
Braden: They could mean "your," "his," "her," or with a little modification "their" depending on the context.
Thássia: Good! In this lesson, we will explain how to use it to mean "your." We will cover the other meanings according to context in future lessons.
Braden: So if you want to say "your bag," you would say…
Thássia: "Sua bolsa."
Braden: Because the word…
Thássia: "Bolsa."
Braden: Is a feminine word, and "sua" is the feminine form of "your."
Thássia: Likewise, to say, "your friend," you would say "seu amigo" because "amigo" is a masculine of friend and it requires the masculine "your," which is "seu."
Braden: Let's take a look at today's grammar point.

Lesson focus

Thássia: The focus of this lesson is how to use possessive adjectives in Portuguese.
Braden: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase…
Thássia: "Nossa amiga?"
Braden: Which means "our friend."
Thássia: In English, the words "my," "your," and "our" are called possessive adjectives.
Braden: Sorry to throw a grammar word at you like that, but she really likes to say those two words.
Thássia: It's fun! Anyway, Portuguese has more of those than English does. But for the most part, they are used the same way.
Braden: Exactly. Just as in English, the possessive comes first.
Thássia: For example, "minha gravata" has "minha," first, which means "my," and then second, the word "gravata," which means "tie."
Braden: As in "necktie."
Thássia: Right.
Braden: So the word order is the same, "minha gravata" "my tie." You know what that means!
Thássia: You don't need to worry much about the grammar.
Braden: Exactly! The goal is to get you speaking Portuguese fluently as fast as possible and unnecessary explanations will slow you down.
Thássia: But if you have questions, or don't understand something please post in the web site. We're here to help you.
Braden: Right! In the dialogue we also heard the phrase…
Thássia: "A sua família."
Braden: Which literally translates to "the your family" but it means just "your family."
Thássia: The word "a" at the beginning of the phrase means "the."
Braden: In Portuguese, words like "the," "a," and "an" called articles or in Portuguese “A” can often be used before possessive words with hardly any change in meaning.
Thássia: But it does give a slight increase in politeness.
Braden: That's right. That just about does it for today.
Thássia: You want to make the vocab words from this lesson stick?
Braden: Check out the vocabulary list provided with each lesson, available to premium members.
Thássia: Click on any word to automatically add it to your word bank.
Braden: Words added to your word bank can be made into flashcards used to quiz yourself.
Thássia: Give it a try at PortuguesePOD101.com.
Braden: That's going to do it.
Thássia: Até mais!

Grammar

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35 Comments

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PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Boa tarde pessoal!

Was this your lesson?

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 7:29 pm
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Olá Zhuldyzay,


Thank you for posting.


"your" can mean "seu", "sua" (corresponding to the possessive pronoun for the 3rd. person of speech, singular, masculine and feminine forms respectively) or "seus", "suas" (same, but plural form) or also "teu", "tua", "teus", "tuas" (corresponding to the possessive pronoun for the 2nd. person of speech). Some examples:


Is this your car? Este é o seu carro? (If we refer to "you", 3rd. person of speech, "você")

Is this your car? Este é o teu carro? (If we refer to "you", 2nd, person of speech, "tu").


Please also check out our grammar bank:

https://www.portuguesepod101.com/portuguese-grammar/


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Zhuldyzay
Tuesday at 6:41 pm
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Hello


I understand that in portugues " your wife" is "sua esposa". But why in the given grammar in this page (introduces) it is written that "your" is "tua"?

Portuguesepod101.comVerified
Monday at 8:11 pm
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Hi Musaab,


Thank you for posting.


Please check out our Portuguese dictionary:

https://www.portuguesepod101.com/portuguese-dictionary/

It will show if the word is feminine/ masculine. You'll also be able to check out the pronunciation, meaning and writing.


So "escola", for example, is a feminine noun meaning "school". And "festa" is also a feminine noun meaning "party"


Just a reminder:

A male speaker says “Obrigado” and a female speaker says “Obrigada”. Please find more details about thanking in Portuguese in this lesson:

https://www.portuguesepod101.com/2012/07/20/learn-portuguese-in-three-minutes-2-brazilian-manners/


Looking forward to see you often at Portuguesepod101.com?


Cristiane

Team Portuguesepod101.com

Musaab
Saturday at 10:50 pm
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Oi , muito bom lições

So how can I know if this Word is masculine or feminine word

like escola or festa,

obrigada pela sua ajuda

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Friday at 11:30 am
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Oi Manassés,


Obrigada pelo comentário!

Thanks for the comment!


I'm sure many people want to have a Brazilian friend to practice their English!

Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Manassés
Thursday at 5:02 am
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If you wanna pratice portuguese with, add me on facebook/manahssesgomes

I'm brazilian.

Manassés
Thursday at 5:00 am
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Ótimas lições.

Sou brasileiro. Se alguém quiser, pode praticar português comigo.

I'm brazilian. If you wanna you van pratice it with me.

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Friday at 12:57 pm
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Hi george goetschel,


Thank you for posting!

Please, let us know your question here again, so we can take care of it right away :smile:

About the "Voice Recording Tool", it is available in the Lesson Materials of every lesson (if your subscription included the tool). You can activate it by clicking over the microphone icon (next to the speaker icon of every audio). By using that tool you will be able to compare your pronunciation with the pronunciation of a native Portuguese speaker (by yourself).

Please, let us know if you were able to find it. Also feel free to ask and comment as often as you need.


Regards,

Laura

Team PortuguesePod101.com

george goetschel
Thursday at 11:16 pm
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I have yet to hear a response to my questions. And yes, here is another question. How and where do I record my pronunciation for you to check? thank you; sincerely; g

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Thursday at 11:12 am
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Oi Djana,


Obrigada pelo comentário!

So both forms "de" and "da" are used. Depending on the region, people use more one or another form.

In the Northeast part of Brazil, for example, "de" is more common. In the Southeast and South part, "da" is more common.


I hope it helps! Please let us know if you have any other question!

Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101.com