Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Thássia: Ola! Thássia here!
Braden: Braden here! This is Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 5 - Brazilian Beauty. Hello and welcome to PortuguesePOD101.com, where we study modern Portuguese in a fun educational format.
Thássia: So brush up on the Portuguese that you started learning long ago or started learning today.
Braden: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Thássia, what are we looking at in this lesson?
Thássia: In this lesson, we will focus on the words "eu," "você," "ele," and "ela."
Braden: The conversation takes place at a party.
Thássia: And it's between Davi and Natalie.
Braden: They are meeting for the first time in a casual setting. So they will be speaking casual Portuguese. Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Natalie: Oi! Tudo bem?
Davi: Oi! Tudo bem. Você fala português?
Natalie: Sim, eu falo português. Você é brasileiro?
Davi: Sim, eu sou. Meu amigo, Ben ali, ele é da Inglaterra.
Natalie: Ele fala português?
Davi: Fluentemente.
Braden:One time, slowly please.
Natalie: Oi! Tudo bem?
Davi: Oi! Tudo bem. Você fala português?
Natalie: Sim, eu falo português. Você é brasileiro?
Davi: Sim, eu sou. Meu amigo, Ben ali, ele é da Inglaterra.
Natalie: Ele fala português?
Davi: Fluentemente.
Braden:And one time fast, with translation.
Natalie: Oi! Tudo bem?
Thássia: Hi! How are you?
Davi: Oi! Tudo bem. Você fala português?
Braden: Hi! I'm fine. Do you speak Portuguese?
Natalie: Sim, eu falo português. Você é brasileiro?
Thássia: Yes, I speak Portuguese. Are you Brazilian?
Davi: Sim, eu sou. Meu amigo, Ben ali, ele é da Inglaterra.
Braden: Yes, I am. My friend Ben over there, he is from England.
Natalie: Ele fala português?
Thássia: Does he speak Portuguese?
Davi: Fluentemente.
Braden: Fluently.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Braden: Most Brazilians I meet are surprised I speak Portuguese.
Thássia: It really isn't very common for foreigners to speak Portuguese. Most of the time they speak Spanish thinking it's the same thing.
Braden: Yeah, I've run into quite a few people like that. If Brazilians weren't so nice though, then foreigners would have a really hard time doing anything here.
Thássia: Many foreigners have a hard time understanding Brazilians because of how much we depend on context in our conversations.
Braden: That was hard for me to get used to, but now that I am, Portuguese often seems a bit more efficient than English.
Thássia: It might be because if something doesn't absolutely have to be spoken then it isn't. That makes the sentence faster.
Braden: Hmm, good point. Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Thássia: The first word we shall see is eu [natural native speed].
Braden: I
Thássia: Eu [slowly - broken down by syllable], eu [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Você [natural native speed]
Braden: You.
Thássia: Você [slowly - broken down by syllable], você [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Ele [natural native speed]
Braden: He.
Thássia: Ele [slowly - broken down by syllable], ele [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Ela [natural native speed]
Braden: She.
Thássia: Ela [slowly - broken down by syllable], ela [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Tudo [natural native speed]
Braden: Everything
Thássia: Tudo [slowly - broken down by syllable], tudo [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Bem [natural native speed].
Braden: Well, quite, very.
Thássia: Bem [slowly - broken down by syllable], bem [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Português [natural native speed].
Braden: Portuguese.
Thássia: Português [slowly - broken down by syllable], português [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Amigo [natural native speed].
Braden: Friend.
Thássia: Amigo [slowly - broken down by syllable], amigo [natural native speed].
Braden: Next we have.
Thássia: Fluentemente [natural native speed].
Braden: Fluently.
Thássia: Fluentemente [slowly - broken down by syllable], fluentemente [natural native speed].
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Braden: Let's take a look at some of our vocabulary phrases for this lesson.
Thássia: In this lesson, we're going to look at cognates.
Braden: Cognates are words of a similar nature, appearance, and meaning shared between two languages. English and Portuguese share many cognates.
Thássia: English words ending in "-ly" are usually cognates with Portuguese words ending in "-mente."
Braden: This is a great trick! Could you give us some examples?
Thássia: Well, "finally" in Portuguese is "finalmente" and "mentally" is "mentalmente."
Braden: And my personal favorite is…
Thássia: "Frequentemente."
Braden: Which means, "frequently." This trick is really useful when you don't know the word in Portuguese. Just try for a cognate.
Thássia: Sometimes the words are easy and obvious cognates, and sometimes the connection can be a little stretched.
Braden: But the pattern is still solid. Like the word "happy" in Portuguese is "feliz." So, "happily" is "felizmente." Did you catch that? It wasn't a cognate exactly because the words are quite different but the pattern still holds true.
Thássia: Some other examples would be "generally," which in Portuguese is "geralmente," and "silenciosamente," which means "silently."
Braden: Let's take a look at today's grammar point.

Lesson focus

Thássia: The focus of this lesson is the words "eu," "você," "ele," and "ela."
Braden: Could you tell us a bit about these words?
Thássia: Sure! They are subject pronouns.
Braden: No grammar terms! Just tell us about the words.
Thássia: Sorry! They're subject pronouns. I don't know what else to call them.
Braden: Okay! In that case, we'll just have to tell the students what they are.
Thássia: Okay. We already covered the words "eu" and "você."
Braden: Which mean "I" and "you," respectively.
Thássia: You should point out that "você" has an acento circunflexo on the "-e." Therefore, the tonic syllable is on that "-e," which is the last syllable of the word.
Braden: So the correct pronunciation is…
Thássia: [voCÊ].
Braden: Right.
Thássia: In this lesson, we'll add "he" and "she."
Braden: "Ele" is the Portuguese word for "he."
Thássia: We use it the same way, too.
Braden: That's right. "Ele está feliz" means "He is happy."
Thássia: "Ela" is the Portuguese word for "she" and is also used in the same way as in English.
Braden: For example, "Ela é bonita" means "She is pretty." See, now was that so hard? That just about does it for today. Don't forget that you can leave us a comment on this lesson.
Thássia: So if you have a question or some feedback, please, leave us a comment.
Braden: It's very easy to do. Just stop by PortuguesePOD101.com.
Thássia: Click on comments.
Braden: Enter your comment and name and…
Thássia: That's it.
Braden: No excuses. We're looking forward to hearing from you.
Thássia: Tchau!
Braden: Bye.

Grammar

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51 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
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Happy Independence Day!

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:42 PM
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Olá, Domingu,


It's funny because we, portuguese speakers, get a little confused when first learning english (or at least find it peculiar) how the language uses the same verb ('to be') for 'ser' and 'estar'.


I think associating 'estar' with 'state' encapsulates well the distinction. For example, 'estar' can describe the current location or mood. For some other things, we use the verb 'to have' ('I have 10 years' instead of 'I am 10 years old'). The other posts in the thread seem good explanations.


Also, we use the verb 'estar' to describe the state of performing an action. For example, 'I'm cooking' translates to 'Estou a cozinhar'. Other languages, such as german, don't have this type of verb construction, but that's beside the point.

Domingu
Friday at 10:50 PM
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Whats the different between está and é?

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Saturday at 04:37 PM
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Olá, Joe,


The audios can be downloaded by clicking on the Download All Audio and Video files. It is the fourth button just below the title.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Joe
Friday at 02:24 PM
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Loving the lessons❤️️. I am failing to download the audio lessons though...help?

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:54 PM
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Olá, Lorraine,


as pronúncias podem variar de acordo com cada região. Então o som curto e o som longo estão corretos. 😉

Você pode falar como achar melhor. Uma boa dica é imitar a pronúncia do vídeo.


Sincerely

Marcia

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Lorraine
Saturday at 10:39 PM
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Like David I was a little confused to start with on the different pronunciations of fluentemente and also of onde, de etc


Sometimes they sound like a 'gee' sound and other times like the hard consonants (t or d).


If I am taking the more common/correct sound which should I choose?

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Saturday at 02:02 AM
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Olá Kerrie Gray,


Muito obrigado for your kind feedback. ❤️️😇

Let us know if you have any questions!


Levente

Team PortuguesePod101.com

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Thursday at 06:58 PM
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Olá, David!


You're right. those different pronunciations are very small and they do not spoil our understanding because it's just the way people speak depending on the region they live in. Great comment. :)


Thank you for adding a nice info

Marcia

Team PortuguesePod101.com

David
Thursday at 12:47 AM
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Noticed that Thássia and Branden pronounce fluentemente differently. Thássia prounounces "mente" with a long "e" sound at the end whereas Branden prounces "mente" with a "ch" sound at the end. I'm guessing just regional differences.

Kerrie Gray
Saturday at 09:52 PM
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Thank you ! I finding this a lovely way to learn Portuguese!