Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Paloma: Olá! Eu sou a Paloma.
Gina: Gina here! Welcome back to PortuguesePod101.com. This is Upper Beginner Season 2 Lesson 3 - Hoping For a Raise in Brazil. In this lesson you’ll learn useful questions for gathering more information.
Paloma: The conversation is between João and Marcos and it takes place in the morning at work.
Gina: The speakers are co-workers, so they’ll be using formal Portuguese.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gina: What differences do you find between company meetings in Brazil and in the United Kingdom?
Paloma: Well, it depends a lot on the company’s culture, but the majority of company meetings in Brazil are a lot less formal than meetings in the UK.
Gina: What do you mean?
Paloma: Well, often employees will make jokes and interrupt explanations being given by their boss or supervisor, with no repercussions or even the thought of a reprimand.
Gina: Wow. That is different. But I’d imagine that it isn’t always like that.
Paloma: That’s true. There are some companies where the rules for behavior in a company meeting are even stricter than in many companies in the UK.
Gina: Really? How so? They’re not even allowed to speak?
Paloma: Exactly! Some Brazilian organizations have meetings that are so restricted and reserved that employees just listen and do as they’re told.
Gina: Yeah? I don’t think I’d like to work in a place like that!
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Paloma: The first word we’re going to look at is aumento...
Gina: ...which means "raise" or "increase"...
Paloma: Right, as in aumento no salário...
Gina: ...which is one of the phrases that Brazilians use when they’re asking for “a raise.”
Paloma: The full phrase is aumento de salário or aumento no salário which means “salary raise” or “raise in the salary." But Brazilians often just say aumento.
Gina: Right. The salary is implied. Okay, what’s the next phrase?
Paloma: Next is para você ter uma ideia.
Gina: This phrase means “so that you can have an idea.” Now, the grammar for this phrase is beyond the scope of this lesson, but the verb conjugation used is called “personal infinitive”.
Paloma: The word terem means “to have.” This phrase is used often to introduce reasons, like it did in the dialogue.
Gina: And to wrap things up, what’s our last word?
Paloma: It is movimento which is literally translated as “movement”
Gina: But in this dialogue, they’re talking about the movement of customers who come through the store. In other words, the number of customers that frequent the store in a given time period. Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Gina: In this lesson, you’ll learn about using questions to gather more information once a problem has been identified. In the past two lessons, we have covered the main types of questions in Portuguese. Those are yes-no questions...
Paloma: ...and questions formed by using the question words o que, quanto, and como.
Gina: Right. In normal conversation, Brazilians will use these two types of questions repeatedly.
Paloma: Especially in situations like the dialogue, where they need more information, you can use these two types of questions to better understand the topic, and to gather more information about it.
Gina: Now, the rules about when to use yes-no questions, or questions that use question words are very complicated. However, luckily for you, those rules are almost identical to the rules for English. So, instead of going through the grammar rules, let’s look at some examples of how these question words can be used together in a normal conversation.
Paloma: Good idea!
Gina: For example, let’s say you go to a new restaurant with some friends and are trying to decide what to eat. As you look at the menu, the waiter approaches and asks what you would like to order. You tell the waiter,
Paloma: O que é “filet mignon simples”?
Gina: “What is “filet mignon simple”?” Pay attention to the question words, as they’re used to gather general information.
Paloma: Then the waiter responds by saying, É um prato delicioso com filet mignon, arroz, e feijão.
Gina: “It’s a delicious dish with filet mignon, rice, and beans.”
Paloma: So here's the explanation. Using o que causes the waiter to give a description of the dish. Isn't that better than just "It's good"?
Gina: Now compare that to this next question, “Do you recommend it?”
Paloma: Você recomenda?
Gina: This is a yes-no question. The waiter responds by saying...
Paloma: Sim, com certeza, which translates to “Yes, certainly.”
Gina: The dialogue has some good examples of this as well.
Paloma: It sure does. In the dialogue, Marcos says Quantas pessoas o senhor está esperando?
Gina: Which translates to “How many people are you expecting?” Here, he uses the question word for “how many”.
Paloma: ...quantas. Then, a little later, Marcos says Isso é muito?
Gina: Which translates to “Is that a lot?”
MARKETING PIECE
Gina: Listeners, do you know the reason flashcards are so popular?
Paloma: It’s because they work!
Gina: We’ve taken this time-tested studying tool and modernized it with My Wordbank Flashcards!
Paloma: Learn vocabulary using your eyes and ears!
Gina: It’s simple and powerful. Save difficult and interesting words to your personal vocabulary list called My Wordbank.
Paloma: Master words in your My Wordbank by practicing with Flashcards.
Gina: Words in My Wordbank come with audio, so you learn proper pronunciation.
Paloma: While you learn to recognize words by sight!
Gina: Go to PortuguesePod101.com, and try My Wordbank and Flashcards today!

Outro

Gina: Well, that’s all for this lesson. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Paloma: Até a próxima! Tchau!

5 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

O que você faria se você recebesse um aumento?

What would you do if you get a raise?

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:44 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Olá Jaimie,


Thank you for leaving the comment!


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Jaimie
Wednesday at 05:39 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Eu não gostaria de um aumento porque tem muita competição onde eu trabalho. Eu tenho medo que se eu receber um aumento não vou ter trabalho suficiente.

Portuguesepod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:25 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Olá Christopher,


Obrigada por sua mensagem!

Thanks for your message.


You can also download the Lesson Transcript with the full lesson discussion. It will help you understand more and more of the dialogues and explanations.


To download it, please left click on “Download PDFs”, then right click on “Lesson Transcript”, choose “save as” and then save the file to your computer or device.


There’s also the Lesson Materials with the Line-by-Line audio/dialogue and Vocabulary. This last one has the audio options with slow and normal speed speech.


In case you have any doubts, please let us know.


Até logo


Cristiane

Team Portuguesepod101.com

Christopher Bransford-Young
Friday at 04:06 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Olá. Estas lições parece muito mais difícil comparado Upper Beginner Season 1. Eu poderia entender os diálogos no Season 1, mas não os diálogos no Season 2. Eu escuto de novo e de novo. O que você recomenda?