Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Paloma: Olá! Eu sou a Paloma!
Gina: Gina here! Welcome back to PortuguesePod101.com. This is Upper Beginner Season 2 Lesson 11 - Are You Experiencing Some Problems in Brazil? In this lesson you’ll learn how to use articles to talk about probability in Portuguese. Paloma: This conversation is between Rogério and Adriana, and it takes place after a meeting in the early afternoon. Gina: Rafael is the chairman of the committee, so the speakers will be using formal Portuguese.:
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Paloma: As we mentioned in lesson eight, when you speak to people who are older than you, we usually use the terms o senhor and a senhora, or their plural forms os senhores and as senhoras when you’re speaking to a group.
Gina: That's right. Two other words that are used to show respect are roughly translated as "Mr." and "Mrs." but are more terms of respect than exact titles.
Paloma: And in Portuguese, those would be Seu for men and Dona for women. You use them in the same situations and with the same people you would use the phrases o senhor and a senhora.
Gina: But remember these two new words can only be used before the person’s name. You may sometimes even use them in the same sentence. Let’s hear an example. Paloma: Seu Pedro? O senhor vai sair conosco? Which translates to "Mr. Pedro? Will you be leaving with us?"
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gina: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. What’ve we got first?
Paloma: The first phrase we’re going to look at is O que houve?
Gina: ...which means "what happened." This phrase is a very intelligent one.
Paloma: In fact, most phrases that use the verb haver like this one tend to sound intelligent and polished.
Gina: This could be because it’s an irregular verb and has a fairly difficult conjugation pattern. We're not sure.
Paloma: (laughs) But beyond that, the word is not used very often, which makes it seem even more noticeable.
Gina: In any case, the question is very polite and kind. You can use it when you want to show that you’re concerned about someone or something.
Paloma: OK, next is não vai poder vir. It has many verbs!
Gina: It’s a mouthful alright! But the meaning is "will not be able to come."
Paloma: This is an instance where we have three verbs - ir, poder, and vir - linked together in a kind of verbal string.
Gina: That's right. Now, the only verb that is conjugated is the first one...
Paloma: ...which is vai. The rest are kept in their infinitive forms. Okay, finally, our last phrase is algum problema..
Gina: ...which is "some problem" or "any problem".
Paloma: Note that the word problema, although ending with "a", is a masculine word, which doesn’t mean it’s used only by men, but grammatically it has masculine gender.
Gina: That’s right. In other words if you were to say it as a feminine word…
Paloma: ...alguma problema…
Gina: ...that would be grammatically incorrect. Okay, now onto the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Paloma: In this lesson, you’ll learn about using uns and umas to talk about probability in Portuguese.
Gina: Okay so, in Portuguese, there are four related words that have a lot more than four meanings.
Paloma: That's right. Those four words are um, uma, uns, and umas.
Gina: Probably the most common use of these words is as indefinite articles, which are words like "a" and "an" in English.
Paloma: Right. An example of these words being used as indefinite articles would be Eu quero ganhar uma viagem para um hotel cinco estrelas.
Gina: "I want to win a trip to a 5-star hotel." Next, we’re going to look at the Portuguese plural for "a."
Paloma: Yes, the words um and uma can also change to their respective plurals, uns and umas.
Gina: These plural articles are more equivalent to the word "some." : Paloma: Right. An example of this would be Eles compraram umas casas.
Gina: "They purchased some houses." or "They purchased a few houses." Wouldn't that be nice. Just walk up and purchase some houses.
Paloma: Dream of a lifetime for me. (laughs) Okay, lastly, we’ll look at using uns and umas as "about" or "around".
Gina: In the dialogue, the word uns was used twice with the meaning "about." Could you give us an example?
Paloma: Sure! Eu recebi um telefonema da senhora Fernandes faz uns 15 minutos.
Gina: "I received a phone call from Mrs. Fernandes about fifteen minutes ago."
Paloma: Now, notice how both meanings of um are used in the same sentence. At the end of the sentence, uns 15 minutos…
Gina: ...literally "some 15 minutes", is how we sometimes speak in English, as in "The person just bought some 50 houses."
Paloma: This isn’t a common way to speak, nor a common purchase for most people! But it is the meaning of uns and umas.
Gina: And it’s grammatically correct in Portuguese
Paloma: That's right. The only difference is that in Portuguese, this usage is much more common.

Outro

Gina: Great, that’s all for this lesson! Remember to check the lesson notes, and leave us a comment if you have any questions. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Paloma: Tchau tchau! Gina: Bye!

7 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Você já teve que cancelar algum compromisso importante por causa de uma viagem?

Have you ever had to cancel an important appointment because of a trip?

PortuguesePod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:47 am
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Hi Jaimie,


Thank you for posting.


Keep up studying well and soon you’ll get great results!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Jaimie
Wednesday at 3:48 am
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Eu estudo portugues faz uns 5 meses. Eu gostaria de falar melhor que atualmente eu falo, mas eu sei que aprender um idioma é pouco a pouco.

Portuguesepod101.comVerified
Friday at 8:24 pm
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Olá Miemie


You're welcome!


Good luck with your Portuguese learning and let us know if you have any question. We'll be happy to help you out :)


Best Regards,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com



Sincerely,


Cristiane

Team Portuguesepod101.com

Miemie
Friday at 6:20 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Olá Cristiane,


Obrigada pela sua resposta!

Muito obrigada por está a ajudar-me sempre!


Até logo e um resto de um dia feliz!

Portuguesepod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 8:58 pm
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Olá Miemie,


Thank you for posting!


Please note that we don't use "Seu (name)" as it doesn't really sound natural, okay?


Besides "seu" is a male gender pronoun, not used before female gender names :)


You can say "Olá (name)", that is "Hi (name)" as a greeting, instead.


One last note is "eu não me sinto bem" (I don't feel well/good), as the verb must be conjugated in the sentence. That is, the infinitive form of the verb should not be used in this case.


Keep up practicing and let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely,


Cristiane

Team Portuguesepod101.com

Miemie
Tuesday at 7:11 am
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Seu Cristiane,

Hoje estive no cabeleireiro, que esteve a cortar e pentear o meu cabelo. Porque se o meu cabelo não está ok,

eu não me sentir bem! Por causa do meu visual, eu não quis ir dar um passeio de carro para visitar a minha amiga!


Desejo-te um bom dia!