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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to The Ultimate Portuguese Pronunciation Guide.
In this lesson, you'll learn about stress in Portuguese.
WHAT IS STRESS?
But what exactly is stress?
Stress refers to the prominence or relative emphasis placed on certain syllables of a word.
When you say the word "unbelievable" for example, do you notice how the "lie" is accentuated?
That's because it's pronounced longer and louder than any other syllable, and this is what we refer to as stress.
STRESS IN PORTUGUESE
Stress is essential for proper pronunciation and communication in Portuguese because it determines the rhythm. With out it, it'll be very difficult for Portuguese speakers to communicate with you. It's absolutely essential that you learn all the proper stress rules.
There are a number of ways to determine where to place the stress in Portuguese.
The easiest indication of stress is to look for the accent markers. These two accent markers for example, indicates that a syllable is stressed.
"es-tá - (he/she/it/you) is/are
cen-té-si-mo - hundredth
á-gu-a - water"
"câ-me-ra - camera
es-sên-ci-a - essence
a-vô - grandfather"
If you encounter words that do *not* have an accent, then expect the stress to be on the second last syllable. Words ending in an M, S, or a vowel *other* than I or U, will follow this rule.
"fa-lam - (they) speak
co-mem - (they) eat"
"lu-zes - lights
so-nhos - dreams"
"au-to - self
ca-sa - house
cor-re - (he/she/you) run"
If the word doesn't follow any of the above rules, then the stress is on the *last* syllable.
"ven-di - (I) sold
ja-va-li - boar"
"hin-du - Hindu
can-gu-ru - kangaroo"
"fa-lar - to speak
a-nel - ring
a-ni-mal - animal"
By following this process, you'll be able to figure out where the stress is for 95% of words in Portuguese.
If you happen to forget the rules however, the general principle is to place the stress on the *second last* syllable. Most Portuguese words fall into this category, so there's a good chance that you'll get it right.
QUIZ
Now you know all the stress rules. So let's practice them!
Where should the stress be placed in this word?
código - code
Did you get it right? The stress is on the first syllable. The acute accent should've been a dead give away!
Here's the next one.
jogam - (they) play
Since this word ends with an M, the stress should be on the second last syllable, which in this case happens to be the first syllable.
Okay. Last one!
urubu - vulture
This word ends with the vowel U. Meaning the stress should be on the last syllable.
In this lesson, you learned about stress and accentuation in Portuguese
In the next lesson, we'll learn about assimilation in Portuguese.
How did you do in the quiz? Let us know in the comments.
See you in the next Ultimate Portuguese Pronunciation Guide lesson!

9 Comments

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PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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How did you do in the quiz?

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:33 AM
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Oi Sandra,


Obrigada!

The main difference is the pronunciation. Also, many vocabularies have different meaning in Brazil and Portugal.

If you're planning to go to Portugal, we have some series for European Portuguese.


Good luck with your Portuguese study and in case you have any questions, please let us know! We will be glad to assist!


Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Sandra
Monday at 05:02 PM
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Hi,

First I want to say that this is amazing way to learn a new language. You are the best.

I would like to ask you is there any different between portuguese and brazilian language, and what is the different?


Muito obrigada,

Sandra

PortuguesePod101.com
Sunday at 05:51 PM
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Olá Dina,


Thank you for your message,


These words fall in the third rule mentioned in the lesson. That is: "If the word doesn't follow any of the above rules (which were: 1) accent markers; 2) words without accent, but expected to be stressed on the second last syllable, ending in an M, S, or a vowel *other* than I or U), then the stress is on the *last* syllable.


Please check out the [Lesson Transcript] for more details. :)


Hope this helps! In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Dina
Saturday at 03:20 PM
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Am confused. Why stressing anel, falar and animal on last syllable. Not I or U

PortuguesePod101.com
Sunday at 05:25 PM
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Olá Erik,


Thank you so much for your comment and suggestion. We are always working on improving our materials, and your opinion is highly valuable!


If you have any questions, please let us know!


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

erik
Wednesday at 05:22 AM
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it would be nice to have a link to a quiz that is a bit longer. practising with just 3 words helps, but it would like to drill a little bit more.

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:04 PM
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Hi William,


Thank you for your positive feedback and let us know if you have any questions.


Cheers,


Khanh.

Team PortuguesePod101.com

William
Wednesday at 05:07 AM
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I like these quizzes because they help me to remember new vocabulary.