Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Paloma: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question "What's this?"

Lesson focus

In Portuguese this is
Felipe: O que é isto?
Paloma: The first word in the question is
Felipe: o que
Paloma: meaning "what" in English.
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) o que
Paloma: Listen again and repeat.
Felipe: o que
{Pause}
Paloma: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Felipe: é
Paloma: meaning "is".
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) é
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: é
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Felipe: o que é
{pause}
Paloma: And after that
Felipe: isto
Paloma: meaning "this."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) isto
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: isto
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Felipe: o que é isto?
{pause}
Paloma: (You'll hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question "What's this?"
Felipe: É uma câmera.
Paloma: "It's a camera." Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Felipe: (Slow) É uma câmera.
{pause}
Paloma: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word...
Felipe: é
Paloma: means "is."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) é
Paloma: Now repeat
Felipe: é
{Pause}
Paloma: And next
Felipe: uma
Paloma: meaning "a, one"
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) uma
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: uma
{Pause}
Paloma: And next
Felipe: câmera
Paloma: meaning "camera."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) câmera
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: câmera
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the speaker say, "It's a camera," and then repeat.
Felipe: É uma câmera.
{pause}
Paloma: To make another phrase, replace "camera" with "book."
Felipe: livro
Paloma: "book"
Felipe: (slow) livro (regular) livro
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "book."
Felipe: É um livro.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. But since “book” is a masculine noun we need to replace uma with um. Then simply replace "camera." Say "It's a book."
{pause}
Felipe: É um livro.
Paloma: To use a different phrase, replace "book" with "watch."
Felipe: relógio
Paloma: "watch"
Felipe: (slow) relógio (regular) relógio
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "watch."
Felipe: É um relógio.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the Portuguese for "book." Say "It's a watch."
{pause}
Felipe: É um relógio.
Paloma: To expand on the pattern, replace "watch" with "computer."
Felipe: computador
Paloma: "computer"
Felipe: (slow) computador (regular) computador
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "computer."
Felipe: É um computador.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the Portuguese for "watch." Say "It's a computer."
{pause}
Felipe: É um computador.
QUIZ
Paloma: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you're visiting Brazil, and someone asks you what something is. It's a camera. Respond to the question.
Felipe: O que é isto? (five seconds) É uma câmera.
Paloma: Now imagine that it's a book. Respond to the question.
Felipe: O que é isto? (five seconds) É um livro.
Paloma: Imagine that it's a watch. Answer the speaker's question.
Felipe: O que é isto? (five seconds) É um relógio.
Paloma: Imagine that it's a computer. Respond to the question.
Felipe: O que é isto? (five seconds) É um computador.
Paloma: You want to ask someone what something is. Ask the question.
(5 seconds)
Felipe: O que é isto?
{pause}

Outro

Paloma: This is the end of Lesson 22

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What's this? in Portuguese