Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Paloma: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question "What's the weather like in Brasília?"

Lesson focus

In Portuguese this is
Felipe: Como está o tempo em Brasília?
Paloma: The first word in the question is
Felipe: como
Paloma: meaning "how" in English.
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) como
Paloma: Listen again and repeat.
Felipe: como
{Pause}
Paloma: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Felipe: está
Paloma: meaning "is."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) está
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: está
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Felipe: como está
{pause}
Paloma: And next
Felipe: o
Paloma: meaning "the."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) o
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: o
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Felipe: como está o
{pause}
Paloma: And next
Felipe: tempo
Paloma: meaning "weather."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) tempo
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: tempo
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Felipe: como está o tempo
{pause}
Paloma: And after that
Felipe: em
Paloma: meaning "in."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) em
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: em
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the the first 5 words of the question and repeat.
Felipe: como está o tempo em
{pause}
Paloma: Next is
Felipe: Brasília
Paloma: which is "Brasília," the capital of Brazil.
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) Brasília
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: Brasília
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Felipe: Como está o tempo em Brasília?
{pause}
Paloma: (You'll hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question "What's the weather like in Brasilia?"
Felipe: Está ensolarado.
Paloma: "It's sunny." Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Felipe: (Slow) Está ensolarado.
{pause}
Paloma: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word...
Felipe: está
Paloma: means "is."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) está
Paloma: Now repeat
Felipe: está
{Pause}
Paloma: And after that
Felipe: ensolarado
Paloma: meaning "sunny."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) ensolarado
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: ensolarado
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the speaker say, "It's sunny," and then repeat.
Felipe: Está ensolarado.
{pause}
Paloma: To expand on the pattern, replace "sunny" with "hot."
Felipe: quente
Paloma: "hot"
Felipe: (slow) quente (regular) quente
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "hot."
Felipe: Está quente.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace "sunny." Say "It's hot."
{pause}
Felipe: Está quente.
Paloma: To use a different phrase, replace "hot" with "dry."
Felipe: seco
Paloma: "dry"
Felipe: (slow) seco (regular) seco
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "dry."
Felipe: Está seco.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the Portuguese for "hot." Say "It's dry."
{pause}
Felipe: Está seco.
Paloma: To use a different phrase, replace "dry" with "pleasant."
Felipe: agradável
Paloma: "pleasant"
Felipe: (slow) agradável (regular) agradável
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "pleasant."
Felipe: Está agradável.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the Portuguese for "dry." Say "It's pleasant."
{pause}
Felipe: Está agradável.
QUIZ
Paloma: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you're visiting Brazil, and someone asks you "What's the weather like in Brasília?" You want to say it's sunny. Respond to the question.
Felipe: Como está o tempo em Brasília? (five seconds) Está ensolarado.
Paloma: Now you want to say it's hot. Respond to the question.
Felipe: Como está o tempo em Brasília? (five seconds) Está quente.
Paloma: You want to say it's dry. Answer the speaker's question.
Felipe: Como está o tempo em Brasília? (five seconds) Está seco.
Paloma: You want to say it's pleasant. Respond to the question.
Felipe: Como está o tempo em Brasília? (five seconds) Está agradável.
Paloma: You want to ask someone what the weather is like in Brasília. Ask the question.
(5 seconds)
Felipe: Como está o tempo em Brasília?
{pause}
Now, Respond to the question with actual information about the current weather around you
Felipe: Como está o tempo?

Outro

Paloma: This is the end of Lesson 20

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What's the weather like in Brasília?