Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question "How are you?"

Lesson focus

In Portuguese this is
Felipe: Como você está?
Paloma: The first word in the question is
Felipe: como
Paloma: meaning "how" in English.
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) como
Paloma: Listen again and repeat.
Felipe: como
{Pause}
Paloma: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Felipe: você
Paloma: meaning "you."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) você
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: você
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Felipe: como você
{pause}
Paloma: Next is
Felipe: está
Paloma: meaning "are."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) está
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: está
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Felipe: como você está?
{pause}
Paloma: (You'll hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question "How are you?"
Felipe: Eu estou ótimo.
Paloma: "I'm great." Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Felipe: (Slow) Eu estou ótimo.
{pause}
Paloma: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word...
Felipe: eu
Paloma: means "I."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) eu
Paloma: Now repeat
Felipe: eu
{Pause}
Paloma: And after that
Felipe: estou
Paloma: meaning "am."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) estou
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: estou
{Pause}
Paloma: And next
Felipe: ótimo
Paloma: meaning "great."
Felipe: (Slow, by syllable) ótimo
Paloma: Now repeat.
Felipe: ótimo
{Pause}
Paloma: Listen to the speaker say, "I'm great," and then repeat.
Felipe: Eu estou ótimo.
{pause}
Paloma: To use a different phrase, replace "great" with "sad."
Felipe: triste
Paloma: "sad"
Felipe: (slow) triste (regular) triste
Paloma: Listen to the entire phrase, this time with "sad."
Felipe: Eu estou triste.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the Portuguese for "great." Say "I'm sad."
{pause}
Felipe: Eu estou triste.
Paloma: To expand on the pattern, replace "sad" with "well."
Felipe: bem
Paloma: "well"
Felipe: (slow) bem (regular) bem
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "well."
Felipe: Eu estou bem.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace "sad." Say "I'm well."
{pause}
Felipe: Eu estou bem.
Paloma: To expand on the pattern, replace "well" with "so-so."
Felipe: mais ou menos
Paloma: "so-so"
Felipe: (slow) mais ou menos (regular) mais ou menos
Paloma: Listen to the phrase again, this time with "so-so."
Felipe: Eu estou mais ou menos.
Paloma: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace the Portuguese for "well." Say "I'm so-so."
{pause}
Felipe: Eu estou mais ou menos.
Paloma: If you are female, remember that you need to change the adjective to the feminine form, for example, “ótima”. Listeners, say "I’m great" in feminine form.
Felipe: Eu estou ótima.
(slow) Eu estou ótima.(regular) Eu estou ótima.
Paloma: The Portuguese words “triste” meaning “sad”, “bem,” meaning “well,” and “mais ou menos,” meaning "so-so," are neutral, so you don’t need to change them if you’re a female.
QUIZ
Paloma: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you're visiting Brazil, and someone asks you how you are. You're great. Respond to the question.
Felipe: Como você está? (five seconds) Eu estou ótimo.
Paloma: Now imagine you're sad. Respond to the question.
Felipe: Como você está? (five seconds) Eu estou triste.
Paloma: Imagine you're well. Respond to the question.
Felipe: Como você está? (five seconds) Eu estou bem.
Paloma: Imagine you're so-so. Answer the speaker's question.
Felipe: Como você está? (five seconds) Eu estou mais ou menos.
Paloma: You want to ask someone how they're doing. Ask the question.
(5 seconds)
Felipe: Como você está?
{pause}
Paloma: Now it's time to answer the question with actual information about yourself.
Felipe: Como você está?
{pause}

Outro

Paloma: This is the end of Lesson 16

3 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
PortuguesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

 How are you? in Portuguese

user profile picture
PortuguesePod101.com
Wednesday at 11:01 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Ash,


Thanks for posting!


Adjectives whose dictionary form ends in "-o" have both masculine and feminine forms. The feminine form is indeed obtained by replacting "-o" by "-a". For example:

alto / alta (tall)

bonito/bonita (beautiful)


Please check out this lesson for more details:

https://www.portuguesepod101.com/lesson/lower-intermediate-21-deciphering-portuguese-grammatical-gender/


Our Portuguese Dictionary shows the adjective gender too, for reference:

https://www.portuguesepod101.com/portuguese-dictionary/

(you can search any words you wish to study further and it includes the audio)


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

user profile picture
Ash
Wednesday at 5:39 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Are all adjectives ending in 'o' the male version and should be changed to 'a' for female?