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Lesson Transcript

Hi! Welcome to Introduction to Portuguese. My name is Alisha and I'm joined by...
Hi everyone! I'm Ana Clara
In this lesson, you'll learn the basics of Brazilian Portuguese pronunciation."Pronunciation" refers to the manner in which a word is spoken. So don't focus on reading what's on-screen. Instead focus on listening and repeating.
Pronouncing Portuguese Vowels
In Brazilian Portuguese, vowel sounds are represented by 5 characters.
There are 13 basic vowel sounds that create several diphthongs and triphthongs, which are vowel sound combinations. Let's take a look at how some of the basic vowels are pronounced.
A ; E ; I ; O ; U
The more closed vowels are
Ê ; Ô
And there are the nasal vowels
à ; E (˜) ; I (˜) ; Õ ; U (˜)
Diphthongs are two vowel sounds pronounced closely together to form a gliding sound. Here are some examples:
ÃO ; ÓI ; ÉU
Finally, triphthongs are gliding sounds made by three vowel sounds
UAI ; UEI ; UÃO
Diacritics are in some cases used in vowels to signify certain ways of pronunciation. But don't worry about them for now. We'll eventually get there.
Nasal vowels are very common in Portuguese, and they may seem a little tricky.
To correctly produce nasal vowels, you should relax your soft palate and the back of your tongue, so the nasal passage is not blocked. It's like humming with your mouth open and adding the vowel sound to it. Let the air pass through both your oral and nasal passages. Listen and repeat after Ana Clara.
Banco Banco Banco
Consonants in Portuguese
There are 21 basic consonant sounds in Portuguese, represented by 20 characters. The consonant sounds in Portuguese can be very similar to English, as well as some vowels. Let's take a look at the consonants combined with a vowel:
Pa ; Ba ; Ta ; Da ; Ca ; Ga
Ma ; Na ; Nha
Fa ; Va ; Sa ; Za ; Ja ; Xa ; RRa
La ; Lha
Ra* ; Ti ; Di
* ɾ
As you can see, most sounds are the same in English. Let's see in this case.
Tchau
“Bye”
The first sound is the same as the “ch” in “change.” The second one is the same as the “ou” in “out.” Listen again.
Tchau
“Bye”
See how they sound the same? That means you only have to learn a few new sounds to speak Brazilian Portuguese!
Unique sounds of Portuguese
As you just learned, there are a lot of identical sounds between English and Portuguese. So let's take a look at the unique sounds of Brazilian Portuguese.
There are 3 Portuguese consonants not shared with English as well as the nasal vowels already seen in this lesson.
Let's take a closer look at one of these consonants
Fruta
“Fruit”
Focus on the second letter.
"ru"
/ɾu/
This trill sound is done by lightly tapping the gum ridge behind your upper teeth with the tip of your tongue. It should be a quick, striking motion similar to the sensation you get when pronouncing the “T” in words like “butter,” “cutter,” and so on. Don't roll your tongue like an English R. Most of the air should go around the sides of your tongue. Listen and repeat after Ana Clara
Fruta
Fruta
Fruta
“Fruit”
Well done! Note that this trill is present in the first word we've learned in the previous lesson. Do you remember it?
Obrigado / Obrigada
“Thank you”
Okay, so let's wrap up this lesson by recapping what we've learned.
In this lesson, you learned the characters that represent vowel sounds in Portuguese and that the language uses diacritics. Most consonant sounds in Portuguese are the same as in English. And there are some unique sounds in Portuguese: nasal vowels and 3 consonants.
We've covered only the basics of Portuguese pronunciation. If you're interested in learning more, check out the entire course we created named “The Ultimate Guide to Portuguese Pronunciation.” In that course, we cover and break down every single sound in the Portuguese language, showing you mouth and tongue positioning, and giving you tips to help you perfect your Portuguese pronunciation.
In the next lesson, we'll introduce you to the basics of Portuguese grammar, where you'll learn about Brazilian Portuguese order, and how to build basic phrases in Brazilian Portuguese.
See you in the next lesson. Bye!
Bye!

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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Did you like this video? Please leave us a comment!

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:39 AM
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Oi kenneth,


Thank you for your kind feedback! 😉 We are very happy to have you here studying with us. If you ever have any questions, please let us know!


Kind regards,

Levente

Team PortuguesePod101.com

kenneth thompson
Wednesday at 09:51 PM
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GREAT , THE METHOD IS BY FAR ONE IF NOT THE BEST TRAINING PROGRAMS I'VE EVER TRIED

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Saturday at 05:13 AM
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Oi Edwin,


Muito obrigado for your question. We offer lessons both in European and Brazilian Portuguese. The dialect is always indicated under the specific lesson. This series indeed teaches the Brazilian one. However, you can use our Lesson Library to narrow down for European Portuguese lessons. For instance, you can have a look at this one: https://www.portuguesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-with-pictures-and-video-european-portuguese/


We hope this helps. Let us know if you have any other questions.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Edwin Trevathan
Friday at 03:55 PM
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I need to focus on European Portuguese as I will be spending much time in Portugal. Is this course the wrong course for me and should I instead focus on a course that emphasizes European Portuguese?

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:27 PM
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Hello Brigitte,


Thank you for posting.

Unfortunately, we can’t help in this comment section when it comes to subscription-related issues.

Please write an email to our customer service at contactus@PortuguesePod101.com

They’ll be able to help you.


Sincerely,

Lena

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Brigitte Fohanno
Monday at 01:24 PM
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PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Saturday at 10:24 PM
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Olá Shae,


Thank you for leaving the comment!


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Shae
Saturday at 01:55 PM
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Learning Japanese "R" sounds really helps with the pronounciation of the "ru" in "Fruta" because the "ru" sound is formed with the same progress in both languages.

PortuguesePod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:30 PM
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Olá Andres,


Thank you for your positive feedback!


Let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team PortuguesePod101.com

Andres Chacon
Friday at 08:58 PM
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