Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Thássia: Bom dia!
Braden: Braden here! This is Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 14 - Brazilian Hospitality. Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Thassia, what are we looking at in this lesson?
Thássia: In this lesson, we'll focus on the words "esse," "esses," "essa," and "essas."
Braden: This conversation takes place at a restaurant and it's between Rita and Jeff as they look over the menu.
Thássia: The speakers are friends; therefore, they will be speaking casually. Let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

(Formal)
Rita: O que você vai comer?
Jeff: Bem, esse prato com abacaxi parece muito bom.
Rita: Ele parece gostoso.
Jeff: Mas esses também parecem bons.
Rita: É mesmo!
Braden:One time slowly.
(Formal)
Rita: O que você vai comer?
Jeff: Bem, esse prato com abacaxi parece muito bom.
Rita: Ele parece gostoso.
Jeff: Mas esses também parecem bons.
Rita: É mesmo!
Braden:One time fast with translation.
Rita: O que você vai comer?
Braden: What are you going to eat?
Jeff: Bem, esse prato com abacaxi parece muito bom.
Braden: Well, that dish with pineapple looks very good.
Rita: Ele parece gostoso.
Braden: It looks delicious.
Jeff: Mas esses também parecem bons.
Braden: But those also look good.
Rita: É mesmo!
Braden: Yes they do!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Braden: Brazilians often refer to themselves as "um povo alegre," which translates to "a joyful people." Isn't that right?
Thássia: Yes, we have many holidays all year round.
Braden: To me, Brazilians are relentlessly positive and encouraging even in the most difficult situations.
Thássia: In the dialogue, Rita is encouraging Jeff by agreeing with his taste in food, even though Rita probably wants something different.
Braden: To me, this is one of those little things that makes Brazilians so welcoming. Helping other people is so deep in their culture that they do it automatically. Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Braden: The first word we'll look at is.
Thássia: Esse [natural native speed]
Braden: That.
Thássia: Esse [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: Esse [natural native speed]
Braden: The next word is.
Thássia: Gostoso [natural native speed]
Braden : Tasty.
Thássia: Gostoso [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: Gostoso [natural native speed]
Braden: Next is.
Thássia: Esses [natural native speed]
Braden: Those.
Thássia: Esses [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: esses [natural native speed]
Braden: Next word is.
Thássia: Essa [natural native speed]
Braden. That.
Thássia: Essa [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: Essa [natural native speed]
Braden: Next.
Thássia: Essas [natural native speed]
Braden: Those.
Thássia: Essas [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: Essas [natural native speed]
Braden: And last, we have.
Thássia: Abacaxi [natural native speed]
Braden: Pineapple
Thássia: Abacaxi [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Thássia: Abacaxi [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Braden: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Thássia: The first phrase we’ll look at is "É Mesmo!"
Braden: In my first days in Brazil, I was bombarded by this phrase. I heard it everywhere and I couldn't make sense of it.
Thássia: I use it all the time. In English, "é mesmo" literally translates to "is same."
Braden: Which doesn't make much sense.
Thássia: But depending on context and tone of voice, "é mesmo" can have quite a variety of meanings.
Braden: That's right. In the dialogue, "É mesmo" meant something like "You're right."
Thássia: Or, "Yes, it is."
Braden: But when "É mesmo" is used as a question, it has almost the same meaning as the English phrase "Really?"
Thássia: "É mesmo?" Let's take a look at the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Braden: The focus of this lesson is the words "esse," "esses," "essa," and "essas."
Thássia: In the dialogue, we heard the phrase "Esses também parecem bons," which means "These look good too."
Braden: "Esse" and "esses" are paired words just like "that" and "those." The difference is that "esse" is singular and "esses" is plural.
Thássia: "Esse" and "esses" are used when you are talking about something that is just outside of arms reach but not very far away.
Braden: The difference between "este" and "esse" in Portuguese is the same as the difference between "this" and "that" - distance.
Thássia: "Este" is close to the speaker and "esse" is just a little farther away.
Braden: Just like in the previous lesson on "este" and "estes," there are feminine forms for "esse" and "esses."
Thássia: That's right. "Esse" and "esses" are masculine and are used with masculine nouns.
Braden: "Essa" and "essas" are feminine and used with feminine nouns. Could you give us some examples?
Thássia: Sure. "Este livro" means "this book," and "esta caneta" means "this pen."
Braden: So, to say "that" in Portuguese, you use the word "esse." "Esse livro" means "that book," and "essa caneta" means "that pen."
Thássia: And if you need to make any of those words plural, you just add an "-s" at the end.
Braden: So, "estes livros" means "these books," and "estas canetas" means "those pens." Notice how both "estas" and "estes" mean "these." Why is that, Thássia?
Thássia: Because of grammatical gender. They mean the same thing but if you have a masculine noun, like "livros," then you need the masculine form, which is "estes."
Braden: And if you have a feminine noun, then you need the feminine form, which is "estas." That just about does it for today. Okay. Premium members, use the review track to perfect your pronunciation.
Thássia: Available at PortuguesePOD101.com.
Braden: The review track gives you vocabulary and phrases followed by short pause so you can repeat the words aloud.
Thássia: The best way to get good fast!
Braden: Okay everyone, see you next time.
Thássia: Ciao!
Rita: O que você vai comer?
Jeff: Bem, esse prato com abacaxi parece muito bom.
Rita: Ele parece gostoso.
Jeff: Mas esses também parecem bons.
Rita: É mesmo!

Grammar

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14 Comments

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PortuguesePod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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I'm so happy!

É mesmo?

 

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Portuguesepod101.com
Friday at 6:47 pm
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Olá Krystle Kelly!


Tudo bem?

How are you?


Thank you for your feedback, we’ll sure do our best to improve our lessons. Thank you!


We’re glad to know you’re enjoying the course.


If you have any doubts, we’re here to help :wink:


Bom final de semana!

Have a nice weekend!


Cristiane

Team Portuguesepod101.com

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Krystle Kelly
Friday at 12:38 am
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Is there anyway to make the sample sentences slower as well as normal speed (which is already there)? some of the words are difficult to pronounce and a nice slow breakdown of the words would be excellent. Just a suggestion, I want to thank you and everyone who has put all of their time and effort into this learning series, I love it and it has been the best way to learn a language for me.


muito obrigada!!


Ata mais!! :smile:

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PortuguesePod101.com
Thursday at 4:23 pm
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Oi Frank,


Thanks for your question.

In theory, there is this difference between esse and este or essa and esta.

"Este" and "esta" is used to indicate something that is closer to the person who's speaking, and "esse" and "essa" is to refer to something that is closer to the person you're talking about.

But in everyday conversation, we only use "esse" and "essa" for everything!

It can be a little confusing to understand, but Brazilians will manage to get what you want!


I hope this helps. Please let me know if you still have any questions!

Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101

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Frank Smith
Thursday at 10:34 am
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Oi Paloma,


Tudo bem?


Eu tenho uma pergunta . . .


I want to see if I understand these points from lessons 13 and 14 correctly.


In the .pdf notes there is the statement: "Esta comida é muito gostosa." Could you just as easily have said "Essa comida . . ."? With the difference being Esta would mean "this food" (very close like on your plate) versus Essa which would mean "that food" (over there on the table)?


Then there is the statement "Esse filme é fantástico!" Since this means "this film is fantastic" could you use "Este filme" to refer to say a video DVD in your hand?


Are these both questions of proximity or am I missing something???


Muito obrigado,


Frank

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PortuguesePod101.com
Tuesday at 10:24 am
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Oi Derek,


Thanks for commenting!

Are these your favorite shoes?


Paloma

Team PortuguesePod101

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Derek
Sunday at 9:16 pm
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Esses sapatos sao azuis.

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Braden
Wednesday at 8:49 am
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Hey Stephanie!


Did you get it to work?


I played around with a number of things and it always worked for me.What kind of problems are you having?

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Stephanie
Sunday at 3:20 am
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Is anyone else having trouble making flashcard decks?? I have gone through the process of making a new deck half a dozen times and it will never save. I know this is a beta feature, but I'd love to utilize my premium membership asap! Thanks :)

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Paloma
Thursday at 12:30 pm
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Hello Jacek!


I hope you are enjoying our lessons!


You can also watch our Learn With Videos Series here in Portuguesepod101.com or in our Youtube channel. And as Braden said, the Word list is also really good, with a lot of vocabulary for you!


And don't forget to leave us a comment!

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Braden
Tuesday at 3:42 am
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Good for you Jacek! Lessons publish every week so there is always new content.


If you're a premium user you have lots of other content on the site. Have you tried this? https://www.portuguesepod101.com/portuguese-word-lists/